On December 12, 2016 Morphisec identified and monitored a new wave of sophisticated malware delivered via targeted phishing emails with malicious macro-based documents attached. The malicious documents themselves use a clever, new social engineering technique to convince the target to enable macros. Once enabled, the document calls an unknown downloader that resembles the Cerber downloader, but employs new obfuscation techniques.
They’re starting to be as reliable as clockwork. Every 3-4 weeks a new wave of Hancitor campaigns hits, with improved targeting and new tricks to evade detection. The latest variant comes via a malicious MS Word attachment to a fairly convincing email. How do we know? Our own CEO, Ronen Yehoshua, was one of the latest targets. Maybe the folks behind Hancitor liked our technical analysis (or get the original Hancitor report in PDF format) of the last attack so much that they wanted to deliver a new version for analysis personally.
From November 7 – 15, 2016, Morphisec identified and monitored a new wave of sophisticated malware attacks using a modified version of the Hancitor downloader. The malware is delivered via targeted phishing emails with malicious macro-based documents attached.
Topics: Attack Analysis
UPDATED POST - NOW WITH DETAILED TECHNICAL ANALYSIS!
During October 17 to 21, Morphisec identified and prevented several malicious and sophisticated macro-based documents at the site of one of our customers delivering a fileless Kovter backdoor Trojan attack. This and similar attacks illustrate the troubling trend that macro-based malspam campaigns are attacking enterprises with modified evasion techniques now on a weekly basis. With antivirus products updating their signatures within 3-7 days of the detection of an attack, the window of opportunity is big enough for cybercriminals to score.
Morphisec Prevents Major Malspam campaign - Again
In our report at the beginning of September about a large-scale malspam campaign discovered and stopped by Morphisec, we pointed out the central role that malware spam plays for hackers and the difficulties signature-based and behavioral security products can have in coping with them in real-time.
During October 10-12, 2016, Morphisec stopped yet another malspam campaign that again showed an extremely low detection rate on VirusTotal.
New Locky – Zepto variant prevented by Morphisec! Ransomware with modified Eval mechanism evades all other security solutions.
Since Locky’s discovery in February 2016, it has emerged as one of the most prevalent and devastating ransomware threats of 2016. Over the last two months, ransomware in general has evolved greatly in delivery technique complexity, with Locky among the most insidious.
In particular, Locky moved to the Zepto variant, executing from dll and not an executable, started using quant loader, and added more evasion techniques to its arsenal.
Spam is still the preferred attack vector for cyber criminals and malware spam campaigns continue to increase. According to the Symantec Internet Threat Report, 1 in 220 emails in 2015 contained malware. While this figure may seem low, consider that over 100 billion emails are sent daily and the scale of the problem becomes clear. In this type of mass attack, attackers use botnets to send emails that include malicious links or attached files with user-activated macros that download and execute malware. Attachments can be disguised as fake invoices, office documents, or other files. Malicious links may direct the user to a compromised website using a web attack toolkit to drop something malicious onto their computer. These attacks are extremely cheap and easy to commit and are commonly perpetrated not only on individuals, but also on companies.
Angler Hangs Up Its Pole
Back in April, more than 80% of drive by download attacks were attributed to Angler. Now? Nearly zero. Speculation abounds regarding its disappearance earlier this month. A vacation by Angler operators? Black market price wars? But the close timing to the roundup in Russia of 50 criminals associated with the Lurk banking Trojan attacks seems the most likely culprit. In this case, Angler may be off the table for good. Unfortunately, Angler’s apparent demise didn’t slow down cyber criminals for long; they simply switched to Neutrino.
Topics: Attack Analysis
The disappearance of Angler has left a gaping hole in the malware market which cybercriminals are only to happy to fill with new variants of old standbys. The latest to reemerge after a period of disuse are Locky and Dridex. A new Locky campaign spotted in the wild on June 20 is analyzed by Pierluigi Paganini on the Security Affairs site. Now a bigger and badder Dridex has reappeared, with more sophisticated evasion tactics, including a new sandbox evasion technique.
With fileless malware popping up more and more frequently, particularly sophisticated PowerShell attacks, we thought it useful to examine these threats by reverse engineering those in-memory samples from Virus Total that have the lowest detection rates.